ISTRIA – crystal clean sea and green interior
Istria is located on the peninsula of the same name, and is the northernmost tourist region in Croatia. Istria offers a beautiful coastline as well as a green interior. Visit Porec, Rovinj or Pula, tourist centers of rich cultural heritage with numerous hotels and restaurants to suit everyone’s taste.
Should you choose Buje, Buzet, Motovun or Groznjan, you will enjoy the privacy and tranquility of these fortified medieval cities and learn more about traditional gastronomic specialties and wine production. There is something for everybody; first class service in 9 marinas on the Istrian coast for boaters, cycling and motor cross trails, caves and tennis courts (the best are in Umag and Novigrad) for outdoor enthusiasts and the Limski channel for nature lovers.
KVARNER – mountains, coast and islands
The Kvarner region lies next to Istria, and consists of the Kvarner coastline with islands and the mountain range. Kvarner, thanks to its favorable climate, has a 150 year tradition in elite and health tourism. Places such as Opatija, Lovran and Icici are ideal for those looking for luxury and first class entertainment, while the carnival city of Rijeka and the surrounding places offer various types of entertainment throughout the entire year. Boaters are welcome to the 8 well-equipped marinas, while outdoor enthusiasts can choose among climbing, cycling, motto cross, hunting and fishing.
DALMATIA – Mediterranean temperament
Dalmatia is Croatia’s largest tourist region. There are three large cities including the three thousand year old city of Zadar, then Split – residence to the Roman Emperor Diocletian, and lastly, Dubrovnik to the far south, a UNESCO World Heritage List city. Choose between larger places such as Sibenik, Trogir and Makarska or the tranquil places on the Sibenik, Zadar and Makarska Rivieras. The Velebit and Biokovo mountain ranges, the Paklenica, Krka, Kornati and Mljet National Parks, wonderful speleological and diving locations, vineyards on the Peljesac peninsula and olive groves – all of this and much more can be found in sunny Dalmatia.
THE DALMATIAN ISLANDS – beauties of the open sea
Croatia’s coast with over 1100 islands is among the most indented on the Mediterranean, and is a favorite destination for tourists, especially boaters. The islands of Kornati and Dugi otok with its Telascica lake near the city of Zadar are particularly interesting, while the small islands near the city of Sibenik, such as Krapanj, are a great place for a tranquil holiday. The island of Hvar, home to the oldest theatre in Europe and a summer festival, lies close to Split and has the most sunshine hours on the Adriatic.
The picturesque island of Solta with its bays far from the hustle and bustle of big cities is ideal for a quiet holiday. The island of Brac is known for its 200m long sandy beach “Zlatni rat”, heaven for surfers. You can also try hang gliding or simply have a good time in the numerous nightclubs, discos and restaurants. On the island of Vis, there are ruins of Roman theatre, as well as the breathtaking “Modra spilja” (Blue cave).
If you are looking for a quiet holiday, Vis is the right destination due to the untouched nature and its few inhabitants. At the far south are the wooded island of Korcula, birthplace of Marco Polo and home to traditional knight dances, the island of Lastovo, known for its rich underwater, and the Elafiti islands close to Dubrovnik.
Croatia is ideal for sailing. The best season for sailing in Adriatic is early summer: there are good winds in May and June. In July are August, when periods of calm prevail, conditions are ideal for those motorboat fans who prefer calm waters. In the autumn and winter, seas can be rough with prolonged periods of the northeast wind (”bura”) and the southeast (”scirocco”), the real paradise for those who like “real sailing”.
MARINAS IN CROATIA
Croatia has 48 marinas with about 12.500 berths on the sea and about 7.200 on land. The larger marinas have technical services, derricks, petrol stations and various commercial and catering services Marinas continuously work to improve and enrich their services, and to adjust to the new needs and wishes of their guests. About half of the marinas belong to the ACI Club (Adriatic Croatia International Club) and the others are independent. Of the twenty-one ACI marinas seventeen are open throughout the year and four during the summer season only.
Many ports of nautical tourism made some additions to their service: traditional cuisine, water and electricity, doctor’s services, services of charter companies, accommodation in apartments, and electronic surveillance and security of guests belongings.
Adriatic Croatia International Club, among the navigators better known as the ACI club presents a unique chain of 21 marinas, which extend from Dubrovnik in the south to Umag in the northern part of the Croatian Adriatic. The head office of the ACI Club is in Opatija. In the 17 years of conducting business the ACI marinas have through their efforts of developing popularization of sailing and by means of recognizable architectural characteristics realized recognizable quality of services.
Visitors to the modern equipped ACI marina can along with the regular reception use other technical services, have access to restaurants, snack bars, stores, laundromats and other contents which enrich their stay and make it pleasurable. The professional navigators know the ACI club as a regatta organizer in dual sailing, among which, the ACI cup and World Cup in dual sailing held in Dubrovnik in 1996 and in Split in 2000 stand out.
The association, among other things stands out in the promotion of nautical tourism in Croatia and is a participant in all major nautical fairs in Europe. The association of nautical tourism, that is Croatian Marina Association, has achieved successful cooperation with the yacht club Austria, the Board for marinas at the Slovenian Chamber of commerce, and the German association of motor yachts.
During the year 1997 contracts were signed on five-year cooperation with the German association. With the yacht club Austria and the Slovenian Chamber of commerce contract was signed for one year, with the clause of automatic extension of contract after the expiry date.
In turn Croatian marinas get complete support in Austrian media services. They receive free support in all media accessible to the German association of motor yachts (Sander magazine, daily and summer press, professional magazines, TV and radio promotion).
Because nautical tourism represents one of the most attractive tourist offers of our country, the Association of nautical tourism is where useful and vital information for navigators can be obtained, and where they can discuss professional problems, and with the help of the association solve them.
For any information about legal regulations: access, navigation and stay, authorization issue, navigation security compensation, paying demurrage, currency regulation, yacht master’s certificate, wintering of yachts in Croatia zones in which navigation is prohibited, boat equipment, radio telephones, participation in sporting events, transport of boats, boat rental & charter companies, change of crew you can contact nearest port of authority.
Harbormaster’s offices and marinas can usually be contacted on VHF- channel 17, at least during the day. Most Harbormaster’s offices have their own patrol boats, with which they can help boats in distress even in bad weather. In keeping with international custom and practice, harbormasters have the right to engage the help of every suitable ship, including foreign yachts.
GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT MARINAS
Berth Fees in Marinas
Fees are charged in Croatian marinas for yacht berths and other services. They are usually fixed and published in the autumn for the following year.
Mooring Fees in Public Harbours
On public piers in harbours under municipal authority, the local authorities have the right to charge mooring fees. The amount of the fee depends on the size of the yacht and the length of pier it occupies, which means that yachts mooring alongside the pier will pay more than those mooring stern of bows to. When berthing “in a pack” (several yachts mooring alongside each other), the mooring fee is charged for every yacht. The amount of the fee is determined by the local authority can vary from one harbour to another.
Berth Fees in Bays
In some areas, the local authorities charge mooring fees for yachts moored in bays under their authority. In return, garbage is collected and, in some places, groceries delivered. Law will in future regulate the extent to which fees can be charged without any service being provided. Persons collecting mooring fees must identify themselves by producing a printed receipt.
Shopping for food presents no problems along the Croatian coast or on the islands. All marinas and harbour have well-supplied supermarkets. However, during prolonged spells of bad weather there can be a shortage of fresh vegetables and bread on small islands, which do not have a regular ferry service. Food prices are comparable to those in Europe. Restaurants can be more expensive on small islands.
Fuel is easily available both on roads and in harbors. All types of petrol, including unleaded petrol, and diesel are available; however, unleaded petrol pumps and less common on piers. Petrol stations are temporarily closed for safety reasons when they are being supplied with petrol from tankers. During off-season periods, opening hours of petrol stations can be limited to a few, usually morning, hours. During the main season, and especially in the morning hours, the large number of customers may cause queuing and considerable waiting times at petrol stations.
Water and Electricity in Marinas
All Croatian marinas and some harbors have water and electricity hook-ups on the pontoon-piers.
Water: water connections are usually 1 inch in diameter, 3 inch diameter connections are much less common. Because of possible water shortages in the summer months, most Croatian marinas require yachts to use hoses with taps.
In Croatia the current is 220 V AC. In marinas and public harbors (as well as camping grounds), three-pin “Euro-plugs” are used. In some marinas (Punat, Kremik) a number of pillars have ‘conventional’ safety sockets.
The power pillars in some marinas are so wide apart (e.g. in Zut, Piskera, Palmizana) that extension leads with insulated connectors (storm, rain) are needed.
The number of power points is sometimes insufficient for all yachts that may need electricity at the same time. Well-insulated extension leads with connection elements
THE ADRIATIC SEA
The Adriatic Sea got its name from an ancient port of the same name. The Adriatic spans from the Balkan to the Apennine peninsula. The part belonging to the Republic of Croatia is the east coast, which extends all the way from Prevlaka in the south to cape Savudrija in the west, including all islands, islets and cliffs along the coast, and the archipelago of Palagruza (the number of islands, islets and cliffs is more than 1700). This is a unique area in Europe for cruising with motorboats, speedboats, or sailboats, but also for enjoying the underwater world.
Croatia is truly a land of islands because it has more than a thousand of them and each one is different. Many of them are inhabited but each and every one is exceptional, with its own story and destiny. To have a weak spot is human and the connoisseurs of Croatian islands have thousands of them. To be more precise,1185 of them. That’s how many islands, islets and cliffs are located in front of 1777 kilometers of the Adriatic coast. The first trip to the Adriatic coast and its islands is a journey into the unknown. Every other trip will be a journey to the already familiar beauty of this country, always different but equally breathtaking.
The shallowest part of our sea is in Istria, where the depth does not exceed 50 meters. From Pula, the seabed mildly drops, making a long, narrow valley, which extends from Zirje towards Italy, which is called Jabucka kotlina. The maximum depth there is about 240 meters. From Jabucka kotlina, the bottom rises to Palagruza reef where the biggest depth is 130 meters. Towards the south, the bottom drops steeply towards the Juznojadranska dolina, where the maximum measured depth is about 1,300 meters.
The Adriatic as an eco-destination
The quality of the water in the Adriatic is very well preserved. These results have been obtained through the constant measuring of the quality of water on more than 800 beaches are in accordance with the strictest criteria. Except for the cleanliness of the sea, another important quality of the coastal area is its particular biological and geographical quality, which can be seen in the number of species of plants and animals, and in the high number of endemic species (for example human fish). In order to protect and preserve such natural wealth, a list of rare and endangered species, the so-called Red Book, has been made.
Various projects are carried out in Croatia by government institutions or associations of citizens with the goal of preserving natural and cultural heritage, and its evaluation. One of these projects is The Blue Flag Project, and from the year 2001, the project Green Key also starts with the goal of improving the quality of surroundings in hotels, motels, camps and other facilities. Another project is Eco habitat Green Laguna in Porec, where the environment is especially taken care of.
Green Laguna has its olive groves, orchards, and horse stables etc. where tourists can take active part in preserving the environment.
Through the year several days are especially marked in Croatia such as International day for water preservation, World meteorological day, Day of the planet earth, Day of the dolphins, World day of preserving the environment, Day of the Sun. Except for the natural, great significance lies on the preservation of cultural heritage, as well.
National costumes and customs are preserved. During the summer, in most coastal towns special celebrations are organized in order to show tourists our local traditions, for example, traditional donkey race which is held each year in Tribunje, Moreska – knights dance on Korcula.
Croatia is an exceptionally safe place where everybody feels pleasant and tourists are welcomed warmly.
In the Adriatic, the high and low tides have relatively small amplitudes. In the southern part, the difference is rarely above some forty centimeters, while in the northern part it is somewhat bigger, so that it increases to 1 meter in Istria and the Gulf of Trieste. In some narrow channels and bays, the high tide can grow considerably during a strong sirocco.
That phenomenon is characteristic for big and deep bays of the southern Adriatic. The tides are of a mixed type, which means that their rhythm is semidiurnal during the new and full moon, and of a daily type during the first and the last quarter. Their amplitudes are very irregular.
Sea currents occur under the influence of winds, the difference in pressure, temperature, and the differences in salinity. With respect to the direction, they can be horizontal or vertical. There are also bottom currents, which appear as the consequence of moving of water from warmer areas to colder ones, during which the surface layer gets cold and descends towards the seabed. Currents are weakly observable in the Adriatic. The speed of currents changes in particular areas, but it also depends on time periods. The average speed of currents is about 0.5 knots, but they can also reach the speed of 4 knots.
Salinity of Sea
The total quantity of salt dissolved in one kilogram of seawater is called salinity, which is usually expressed in grams and as the per-millage. The salinity of the Adriatic Sea is 38.30 permill on an average, i.e. there is 38.30 g of salt dissolved in 1 kg of water. In the northern part, the salinity is somewhat lower than in the middle and southern part because of the influence of the Po River.
The Adriatic Sea has a very marked annual change of the surface temperature. The average annual temperature is 11°C. During the winter, the sea is the coldest and the surface temperature is about 7°C; very seldom, it can drop below that too. In the spring, the sea becomes warmer, and the surface temperature rises to 18°C. In the summer the surface of the sea reaches a very high temperature, of up to 22 to 25°C, and in the southern Adriatic and Istria up to 27°C.
In the Adriatic, thermo clines, i.e. parts of the water column of the same temperature, are very well distinguished. The thermo cline is most evident during the summer, and, in the winter, the isothermal process arises, i.e. equaling of the temperature throughout the water column. In the summer, we can notice the first thermo cline at the depth of 3 to 5 meters; the next one is at about 12 metres, and yet another one at 18 meters, while below 30 meters the temperature is mostly constant throughout the year. Learn about snorkeling in 10 shipwrecks in Croatia.
Waves in the Adriatic
Waves occur primarily as the consequence of the blowing of winds. The longer the reach, i.e. the surface across which the wind blows, the higher the waves will be. Their strength depends on the configuration and the exposure of the coast. In that way, mixing of the surface layer with water from the deep is enabled, and the interaction between the atmosphere and the sea is enhanced. We distinguish between the crest and the trough of a wave. The length of the wave is the distance between two troughs. Most often, height of waves in the Adriatic is between 0.5 and 1.5 meters (1.5 feet to 4 feet), and they very rarely exceed 5 meters (15 feet).
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